Real Name: Acanthocybium Solandri
Average Weight: 15 lb. - 30 lb.
Peak Weight: 125 lb.
IGFA Record: 155.5 lb.
Common Names Wahoo, Oahu, Pacific Kingfish, 'Hoo
Wahoo are found worldwide in tropical waters and are considered to be one the fastest -- and tastiest -- of game fish. These long, torpedo-shaped fish can grow to weights exceeding 100 pounds and can rip off line at speeds exceeding 60 miles per hour, sometimes taking to the air in the process.
Real Name: Coryphaena Hippurus
Average Weight: 3 lb. - 25 lb.
Peak Weight: 80 lb.
IGFA Record: 87 lb.
Common Names: Dorado, Dolphinfish, Dolphin, Mahi-Mahi
The dolphin is one of the world's premiere offshore sport fish, found worldwide in tropical waters. When hooked, these colorful fish leap - often many times - before settling down to slug it out, turning their flat-sided bodies against you.
The larger fish tend to pair up or run as individuals. Schools of fish often gather under and around weed lines and floating debris such as cardboard boxes, logs, boards and oil drums. Even tiny items such as coconuts and soda cans have the potential to hold dolphin.
Dolphin grow quickly and spawn prolifically, and make excellent table fare.
Real Name: Thunnus Albacares
Average Weight: 30 lb. - 70 lb.
IGFA Record: 388.8 lb.
Common Names: Yellowfin Tuna, Allison Tuna, Backache
The Yellowfin is perhaps the most colorful of all the tuna. Found globally in tropical and subtropical seas, it's one of the world's most popular fish. Even small Yellowfin tax light tackle to the limits, and the brute strength of larger fish requires heavy stand-up gear. Not only great gamefish, Yellowfin are mighty tasty. This dual attribute causes anglers to travel thousands of miles to reach these 'destination' fish. Wherever found, Yellowfin tuna will have a following, both sport and commercial.
A pelagic species, Yellowfin are fond of deep blue water. In the Atlantic, they will be found in the Gulf Stream year-around. The flesh of this fish is light, not dark like the Bluefin or white like the Albacore. Yellowfin can sometimes be distinguished from near cousins, Blackfin and Bigeye Tuna, by their long second dorsal and anal fins, but not all individuals have this exaggeration.
In a sense, Yellowfin are an eating-machine, putting on pounds like no other fish. A year-and-a-half old Yellowfin can weigh 8 pounds, and by its fourth year the fish will scale out at a whopping 140 pounds.
Real Name: Sphyraena Barracuda
Average Weight: 5 lb. - 25 lb.
IGFA Record: 85 lbs.
Common Names: Great Barracuda, Common Barracuda, 'Cuda
Sometimes reaching 6 feet long, the great barracuda is found in the Atlantic, the central and western Pacific, and the Indian Ocean. While reviled by some as bait and lure stealers, the great barracuda is an exciting game fish that will hit everything from live baits to flies. When hooked, the 'cuda makes sizzling runs and often jumps. Widespread and readily available, the 'cuda has salvaged many a fishing day by being the only fish that proved willing to strike.
Real Name: Makaira Nigricans
Average Weight: 100 lb. - 500 lb.
Of all the world's marine game fish, none is more celebrated or generates more excitement than the blue marlin. The fish of Hemingway's Old Man and The Sea fights with a strength that is only exceeded by that of the giant bluefin tuna, and often makes spectacular leaps when first hooked. Plus, there's something about the fish's sleek appearance, accented by a rapier bill, that inspires awe in even the most casual angler. Then, of course, there is the fish's size. Blue marlin weighing up to 1,400 pounds have been caught on rod and reel, and many experts believe that they attain even greater sizes (fish weighing over 2,000 pounds have reportedly been hooked and lost).
Although considered a heavy-tackle adversary, smaller blue marlin (100 to 300 pounds) make for excellent sport on 20- to 30-pound-class stand-up tackle and even fly gear. In some locations, at certain times of year, fish of this size can be fairly numerous.
Real Name: Istiophorus Platyperus
Average Weight: 16 lb. - 67 lb.
IGFA Record: 141 lb.
Common Names: Sailfish, Spindlebeak, Pez Vela
Sailfish are memorable opponents. With a flair for the dramatic, they'll make a sizzling run and then jump their heart out. Many anglers revere the sailfish as the greatest light tackle quarry. These spectacular fish are found worldwide in tropical and subtropical waters. Atlantic sailfish grow larger in the eastern Atlantic than they do along the Americas, where they average around 30 pounds. Pacific sailfish can top 200 pounds, but average closer to 100.
Real Name: Tetrapturus Albidus
Average Weight: 50 lb. - 70 lb.
IGFA Record: 181.9 lb.
Common Names: White Marlin, Pez Vela Blanco
Restricted to the Atlantic, the white marlin is considered by many east-coasters as the top offshore light tackle fish. It will crash trolled baits, and when hooked, often leaps successively by 'grey-hounding.' Due to this penchant for wasting energy by leaping, a characteristic of all billfish, the white marlin seldom initiates a bull-dogging battle. The usual fishing method is trolling, although anglers can occasionally encounter casting situations. Also, fly fishing opportunities can be had when the fish are running thick and brought to trolled hookless teasers.
White Marlin are the smallest of the two species of Tetrapturus, the other being the Striped Marlin of the Pacific. Because they seldom exceed 100 lbs., these fish are ideal 20-lb class opponents. A bluewater fish, they feed from the surface to great depths, confirmed by the large number of squid and eels found in some specimens. White marlin will feed upon a variety of baitfish, favorites being herring, ballyhoo and flying fish.